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Criminal geographical journalNo. 1-2. Vol. 3. (February, 2021.)

Tartalom

  • Gábor Androvicz :

    Abstract: Roland Perényi's book dealing with the social history of crime in Budapest, published in 2012, can be considered the first modern processing of the history of crime in Hungary (Perényi 2012). In a separate chapter, this book attempts to spatially localize crime in Budapest in the age of dualism and to describe the work of the “monitoring, prevention, and discovery” police and the social map of the ever-expanding city. An essential aspect in the analysis of contemporary criminal geographic conditions is the presence or absence of a police presence and the location of built institutions of law enforcement, captains and guardrooms in urban space. The starting point of the present study is that, in parallel with the geography of crime, in addition to the spatial analysis of crime, the subject of the examinations may also be the research of historical sources on the housing conditions of police buildings and police officers. An important point for the adequate living conditions of the Budapest policemen, as well as the retention power of the police, was housing, which could have a significant impact on the private living space and disciplinary conditions of the police staff, changes in police numbers and criminal investigation and prosecution.

    Keywords: police, law enforcement history, police housing project, police building estate

  • Szabolcs Mátyás ,
    Zsolt Lippai ,
    Ágota Németh ,
    Péter Felföldi ,
    Ivett Nagy ,
    Erika Gál :
    Criminal geographical analysis of cycling accidents in Budapest21-32en [861.73 kB - PDF]EPA-04201-00004-0030

    Abstract: Several studies have already mentioned that geographic crime methods are also suitable for analyzing traffic accidents and crime. However, the theory was not followed by practical work, so like many research topics, it was only stuck at the level of theory. The study is part of a series of studies listing possible areas of research in criminal geography. The present study examines the spatial location of bicycle traffic accidents in the Hungarian capital. It tries to shed light on regularities that can help to find out the cause of bicycle traffic accidents in the Budapest Police Headquarters and to reduce the number of accidents. In this paper the focus is on the Grand Boulevard in Budapest, highlighted the accidents on its Pest section.

    Keywords: criminal geography, traffic, accident, bike, traffic accident

  • Andrea Pődör :
    Investigation of different visualisation methods for crime mapping33-40en [571.25 kB - PDF]EPA-04201-00004-0040

    Abstract: There are a quite many GIS application available on the internet showing crime statistics all over the world. The usual visual methods for these statistics are generally pictograms and point symbols. These visualisation methods raise two problems that they are not able to transmit the real crime situations to the users, because it is not easy to interpret the content of it. The other problem is that they may harm the confidelity of the victims. Therefore in this study the authors tested the applicability and effectiveness of other visualisation methods.

    Keywords: crime mapping, visualization, usability study

  • Máté Sivadó :

    Abstract: Drug problem is an international phenomenon. There is no continent or country that is not affected. However, there are differences. The drug situation in Europe is different from that in the US. from the USA to South America. The reasons for the differences include geographical, sociological, economical and other reasons. There is an economic reason, for example, why new types of drugs are a major concern in Central and Eastern Europe (Cvorovic - Vári, 2019). It is clear that in Western Europe, the lower sections of society also have access to classical drugs. Nor is it a coincidence that the drug war, fought by military means and claiming tens of thousands of casualties, is taking place in Mexico. On the one hand, they are close to the states of South America, where good quality, cheap cocaine can be obtained with minimal risk of falling. On the other hand, there is the United States next door, the world’s largest drug market, which allows for an extraordinary amount of extra profit. In the U.S., global companies are barely restricted by the state. This has allowed large pharmaceutical companies to cause a public health emergency. By promoting and disseminating opium-containing painkillers in large quantities. Advertisements have tried to falsely trivialize the significant, addictive potential of drugs. By directly contributing to this, approx. for the overdose deaths of 50,000 people. Behind drug problems, we always find there the individual’s desire to get into another world quickly, and the often greed incompatible with the greed of the traffickers who supply them.

    Keywords: drug, crime, drug using, criminal geography

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