Abstract: This paper discusses some direct and indirect impacts of safety issues at Cape Coast-Elmina-Kakum National Park (KNP) tourism destination in Ghana. Some 260 tourists were randomly selected by covenience sampling. Most of the tourists who visited this destination area were the youthful, active or energetic population and probably travelled a lot for pleasure. Majority were Americans and Europeans. It was observed that tourists’ perceptions of security at the destination area was dependent on the tour guides, friendly environment at the destination area and the security provided at the destination area. the tourists’ overall perception of safety at the destination did not meet their safety expectations of the place before they embarked on their journeys. It was recommended that the various tourism related bodies in the region like Ghana Tourism Authority (GTA) and Ghana Fire Service should be coordinated and conscripted into the sensitization and provision of safety and security at tourist facilities.
Keywords: tourism, safety, perception, destination, facility
Abstract: The author of this article is trying to find the right place of the crime geography within the science. He makes conclusions and deductions on the base of different researches made on crime and geographical situation. The article is presenting the territorial differences of the crime using the caracters of crime. The crime geography can be regarded as a branch of geography of sociology which deals with the time and place aspects of the crime as an social public phenomenon. Between criminology and social geography there is a mutual connection. The crime register is a fundamental part of crime geography. Thy system of crime datas can be completed by datas deriving from data collection which helps the crime prevention and scouting.
Keywords: geography, geographical enviroment, natural geography, sociel geography, crime geography
Abstract: P2P network lending, equity crowdfunding, entrusted wealth management, and private equity funds are essential industries in the field of Internet finance in China at present. However, some variants of these industries in practice, such as the direct or indirect collection of funds, illegal absorption of public deposits, fraudulent fund-raising, severely damages the legitimate rights and the interests of investors, endanger financial security and social stability, and they are also suspected of illegal fund-raising crimes. For judicial practice, P2P online lending and Internet entrusted financing are the areas where illegal fund-raising crimes happen most frequently. 2/3 illegal fund-raising crimes happened in recent years are relevant to P2P online lending and Internet entrusted financing. Illegal fund-raising crimes related to P2P online loans have the following traits: self-financing, “shadow banks,” self-insurance and credit enhancement, the establishment of capital pools, and pseudo-platform operations. The crime of illegal fund-raising in equity crowdfunding is mainly manifested in the collection of funds, financing for unspecified investors, and the problem of inducement. The crime of illegal fund-raising in entrusted wealth management is mainly to publicize financial information, explicit or implicit guarantee commitments, sales of wealth management products for unqualified investors, and to borrow legal forms for fund collection. The crime of illegal fund-raising in private equity funds is mainly not in conformity with the management regulations of private equity funds, to introduce unqualified investors, to implement a guaranteed return of principal and interest, and to break through the system of qualified investors, and so on. To promote the criminal governance of illegal fund-raising crimes in the Internet finance field, the judiciary should adjust the current single loose criminal policy into the one that combines leniency with rigidity, perfect the criminal law system of illegal fund-raising behaviors in the field of Internet finance, strengthen the connection between punishment and execution, explore specialized case-handling mechanism, and implement a case guidance system.
Keywords: Internet finance, the crime of illegal fund-raising, criminal governance
Abstract: The study aims to analyse the criminological profile of the smallest elements of the Hungarian settlement network. The criminological characteristics of the settlements correlate with geographic characteristics, location in the spatial structure, inherited economic drawbacks, distribution of income, migration and many other social and economic features. According to our hypothesis the above mentioned effects have an even stronger impact due to the weakness of their external connections. The research revealed that in general, small villages show a better but distinct criminological structure, compared to towns and cities. Besides it is also remarkable that the rate of known offenders is the highest in case of the smallest settlements. This confirms the hypothesis that the peripheral location and the cumulative disadvantages of small villages intensify the reproduction process of crime (mostly violent ones) but the offenders tend to choose bigger settlements to commit their crimes.
Keywords: geography of crime, small villages, violent crimes, reproduction of crimes, crime related factors, Hungarian settlements
Abstract: Compared to 2010, in 2018 62% less high-profile crimes occurred in Hungary. According to the data, over the course of eight years, the number of high-profile crimes dropped from 242,000 to 93,000 annually at national level. The following article analyzes the detailed data of the Preventive Crime Statistics Database (PRE-STAT), developed and operated by Lechner Knowledge Center with the support of the National Crime Prevention Council. Based on the crime prevention application it can be stated that in most Hungarian townships theft is the most frequent crime.
Keywords: crime statistics, geography, crime pervention, crime