Abstract: In this study, the phytosociological characteristics of oak-hornbeam forests in the Kerka valley, SW Hungary are summarized using 50 vegetation samples. These forests grow on alluvial soils affected by high groundwater table, and thus are best regarded as extrazonal communities exhibiting some characteristics of hardwood gallery forests. The high number of submontane elements are particularly typical of them: Aconitum vulparia, Adoxa moschatellina, Anemone nemorosa, Anemone ranunculoides, Asarum europaeum, Athyrium filixfemina, Cardamine bulbifera, Cerastium sylvaticum, Corydalis cava, Coridalis solida, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Gagea spathacea, Galanthus nivalis, Galeobdolon luteum, Isopyrum thalictroides, Knautia drymeia, Lathyrus vernus, Leucojum vernum, Lilium martagon, Luzula pilosa, Maianthemum bifolium, Mercurialis perennis, Milium effusum, Oxalis acetosella, Paris quadrifolia, Pulmonaria officinalis, Ranunculus lanuginosus, Sanicula europaea, Scilla drunensis, Stellaria holostea, Veronica montana, etc. The high frequency of Fritillaria meleagris is particularly noteworthy. These plants are likely to be relics of the cooler and wetter, and less extreme Beech I. phase of the Holocene. The occurrence of some sub-Mediterranean species (Carex strigosa, Helleborus dumetorum, Knautia drymeia, Vicia oroboides) suggests some degree of relatedness to the oak-hornbeam forests in the Zala Hills (Helleboro dumetorum-Carpinetum). The studied woods are sharply separated from the oak-hornbeam forests of Western Transdanubia (Cyclamini-Carpinetum), and exhibit relatively closer similarity to the oak-hornbeam forests of the Mura and Drava floodplains and the Raba River valley (Veronico montanae-Carpinetum). Syntaxonomically, they are best identified with the latter under the name Veronico montanae- Carpinetum scilletosum drunensis.
Keywords: phytosociology, Pedunculate oak - Hornbeam forests, multivariate analyses, SW Hungary
Abstract: According to social media network Helix lucorum prefers hilly country. We present morphometric results for five populations of the Helix lucorum from lowland (XIth.) and hilly (XIIth) country. It has found the arithmetic mean of Helix lucorum height (H) and width (W) expand, but globosity approximately unchanged by height above see level.
Keywords: abundance, biometrics, globosity (W/H), frequency distribution curve, shell morphology
Abstract: The entomological collection of László Börzsöny was donated to the Rippl-Rónai Museum (Kaposvár) in 2019. Osmylidae 2 exx. - 2 sp., Mantispidae 1 ex. - 1 sp., Hemerobiidae 2 exx. - 1 sp., Chrysopidae 28 exx. - 12 sp., Nemopteridae 100 exx. - 6 sp., Myrmeleontidae: Ascalaphinae 444 exx. - 68 sp. were identified in this collection. During the identification, 3 new synonyms were revealed namely Palparidius fascipennis (Banks, 1911) (syn. n.) a new junior synonym of Palparidius capicola Péringuey, 1910, Ululodes sinuatus Banks, 1924 (syn. n.) a new junior synonym of Cordulecerus praecellens (Gerstaecker, 1885), Agrionosoma pendleburyi Fraser, 1927 (syn. n.) is a new junior synonym of Agrionosoma dohrni van der Weele, 1909. The lectotype of Suphalomitus buyssoni van der Weele, 1909 and the lectotype of Suhpalacsa donckieri Navás, 1913 were designated. Several species were found as new records for the local faunas: Dielocroce chobauti (Mclachlan, 1898) for Jordan; Ameropterus selysi (van der Weele, 1909) for Peru and French Guiana; Cordulecerus praecellens (Gerstaecker, 1885), Amoea arenosa (Walker, 1853) Haploglenius cuboides Jones sl. and Ululodes venezolensis van der Weele, 1909 (stat. n.) for Peru; Allocormodes junodi van der Weele, 1909 for Tanzania; Ascalobyas microcerus (Rambur, 1842) for Belize; Protidricerus elwesii (McLachlan, 1891) for Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam; Tmesibasis rothschildi van der Weele, 1907 for Ethiopia; Agrionosoma dohrni van der Weele, 1909 and Agrionosoma swinhoei van der Weele, 1909 for Myanmar; Encyoposis seydeli (Navás, 1929) for Zambia; Glyptobasis cornuta Kimmins, 1949 for Nepal; Libelloides sibiricus (Eversmann, 1850) for Mongolia; Maezous tomijankae Ábrahám, 2008 for China and Vietnam; Malesianus harisi (Ábrahám, 2008) for Indonesia; Nephoneura costalis van der Weele, 1909 for Zambia, Ghana, Cameroon; Phalascusa vassei van der Weele, 1909 for Kenya. Zambia, Namibia and Suphalomitus formosanus Esben-Petersen, 1913 for Vietnam.
Keywords: Börzsöny lacewing collection, new synonym, faunistic data
Abstract: In this paper, the author publishes the results of his 2 years long research of the Heterocera-fauna around the Lake Deseda, Somogy county, Hungary. Altogether 386 Heterocera species were found by both lamping and light trapping from 9 selected sampling locations. Also, the biogeographical and ecological analyses are given of these species. 7 protected and 1 strictly protected taxa were found. 3 of them are considered endangered species (Chariaspilates formosaria, Polypogon gryphalis, Dioszeghyana schmidtii).
Keywords: Moths, Heterocera, Somogy, Deseda, faunistic research, nature conservation
Abstract: This paper describes the state of the native moor and nature conservation area as well as the bird fauna. Also the changes of the population in the characteristic plant and vertebrate species.
Keywords: moor, water level, bird fauna, protected plants, vertebrate animals
Abstract: Two Late Copper Age inhumation burials were uncovered by István Molnár in 2005 during the large-scale rescue excavations ahead of road construction in County Somogy. In addition to the burial proper, both graves contained the skulls of additional individuals. In addition to the vessels, the 8-9-year-old child interred in Grave 415 had a bracelet of almost pure copper on his wrist, a black bead fashioned from jet or some similar organic material on his neck and a bead hammered from sheet copper. The burial mode and the jewellery items - currently unparalleled in the archaeological record - that were deposited in the grave clearly indicate that the child buried in the grave enjoyed a special status. The DNA analyses revealed kinship ties between the boy and the other skulls placed in his burial.
Keywords: Late Copper Age, burials, skulls, metallurgy, jet bead(?), archeometry
Abstract: The sand-pit cc. 2.5 kms southeast of the settlement Ordacsehi has occasionally yielded objects referring to a Late Roman site since 1990. Based on the finds, the site was populated from the last third of the 4th century through the first third of the 5th century. The special feature of the centrally located bone manufacture is that it is not situated in a major settlement or even well inside the province. The full process of the Roman age settlement, where further artefacts made of bone and antler can be found, may increase the significance of the workshop.
Keywords: Late Roman Age, settlement, Bone manufacturing workshop
Abstract: More than three hundred agricultural tools (mostly sickles) dated to the Avar period (567-822) were found during the excavations of the last 120 years, but only a few spades discovered in the territory were ruled by the Avars. The spades were not just agricultural tools, they were also used to built different kinds of earthworks, such as graves, or construction of dwelling houses and fortifications. The new finds point out that, in the latter times ( for example in the Arpadian Age) popular wooden spades with iron edges were used besides the uniqe designed spades made fully from iron. These well-dated „spade irons” are the newer evidences of the tool-continuity between the Avar and Arpadian Period farming implements.
Keywords: spades, spades with iron edge, tool-continuity, agriculture, Avar Age
Abstract: The former area and extention of 10 C. Hungarian clans was conserved most accurately in the settlement area of medieval lesser nobles and in the boundaries of episcopal districts. The early Christian civitas emerged within the settlement area of former clans and the intermediate territories dividing them (so-called: megye) from which the medieval nobiliary counties emerged during the 13. C.
Keywords: Middle ages, county, civitas, clans, gens
Abstract: Within the scope of this study I give a short account of the major scources and of the excavation led in 2019 at the Kaposvár Castle. I try to determine the building periods of the castle and its dimensions.
Keywords: mediaval castle, post mediaval castle, palisade wall
Abstract: Up to these days, there has only been minor investigation on the grounds of the late castle next to Kereki. During the excavations, a small amount of stove tile fragments was found, but the pieces are, however, rather significant. Most of the stove tiles can be traced back to the time of Sigismund of Luxembourg, but stoves were built here in the second half of the 15th century, and even in the 16th century. Based on the findings, a theoretical reconstruction of the tiled stove from the time of Sigismund is also possible.
Keywords: medieval, stove, Fehérkő castle, Sigismund of Luxembourg, baronial residence
Abstract: This study presents the archaeological fieldwork carried out by the Rippl-Rónai Museum between 2018-2019. They included plan excavations, prevention excavations and ones performed during observation. Our biggest excavations were related to the expansion of road 67 into a 2x2 lane. During the archaeological works we discovered phenomena, cemeteries and settlements from the Neolithic to the Early Modern Age. Prehistoric Age: Late Neolithic quadruple rondel was discovered in Gamás-Vadépusztai mező site No. 2. Roman Age: Sites mainly from the Late Imperial Period (3-4. centuries) are to be mentioned: Gamás-Belső tanya, Mernye-Lótilos 1 és Balatonszentgyörgy-Kenderföldek. Migration Period: Two intact male graves with weaponry were found in a Lombard cemetery fraction outside Kaposfüred. The excavations of the Zamárdi Avar Age cemetery continued, and a new 8-9. c. Avar cemetery was discovered at Gamás. Middle Ages-Early Modern Age: Plan excavations took place in the Mediaeval Mindszent Pauline Monastery in Balatonszemes and the Premonstratensian Provostship in Bárdudvarnok. Excavations of churches from the Árpád Age and the Middle Ages in Iharosberény and Karád. Mementos of the fight against the Ottomans: ramparts and ditches built around the Mediaeval church in Marótpuszta. At long last, we had an opportunity for a partial exploration of the Turkish bath in central Törökkoppány. The most significant of all excavations along Route 67, among a number of Árpád Age and Mediaeval rural settlements was of a Mediaeval estate centre near Vadépuszta.
Keywords: Prehistoric Age, Roman Age, Migration Period, Árpád- and Middle Ages; Late Neolithic rondel structure, Late Bronze Age bronze awl with a bone handle, Lombard graves with weaponry, new Avar grave constructions, Avar Mascot plates, Mediaeval Pauline and Premonstratensian monasteries, church foundation stone, mediaeval manor with houses and cellars, 14-16. century fortification and settlement, Turkish bath
Abstract: The Berzsenyi Literary Society (as it is called today: Dániel Berzsenyi Society of Literature and Art) was reestablished three times (in 1925, 1946 and 1985) after its foundation in 1904. The publications elaborating the history of the Society deal exclusively with the presentation of the periods following the re-establishments, and merely mention, but do not reveal thoroughly the history of the early years of 1904-1909. The aim of the author of the present publication is to eliminate these deficiencies (to a considerable degree by making use of the contemporary local press coverage). In doing so, the study touches upon the relationship between the Berzsenyi freemason lodge of Kaposvár and the Literary Society, which relationship gave rise to suspicion among the general public and thus hindered the expansion of membership and the efficacy of functioning.
Keywords: literary programs, freemasons, prelections, unconcern
Abstract: On the night 3/4 July 1944 a Handley Page Halifax Mk II cargo plane, belonged to the Royal Air Force 148. squadron crashed near the village Mezőcsokonya, Hungary. All eight crewmembers lost their lives. They flew a double coded mission, first to drop supplies to Yugoslavian partisans then to drop four secret SOE agents (Special Operations Executive) over Hungary. The agents would have had to set up an underground resistance group which could have helped and supported Hungary to leave the Axis. Almost twenty years of research making interviews with eyewitnesses and relatives, studying documents, and making investigation and field research for remains of the plane finally revealed the full and detailed story of the eight crewmembers, the four agents and their mission.
Keywords: Second World War, Royal Air Force, Halifax, SOE agents, 148. sqn., wreckage, field survey
Abstract: More than 70 people, 26 families were deported from Nagyatád to one of the forced labour camps of Hortobágy in Elep in May 1952, during the communsist dictatorship. Relocations/deportations were performed without any indictment or court judgment and meant total confiscation of property for the people concerned. The deported families were forced to work in labour camps deprived from their civil rights, under inhumane conditions and under police custody. In my study I present the history of the deportation, the everyday life of the deported and their life after their disengagement from captivity by analyzing personal resources - letters written during the relocation, subsequent recollections.
Keywords: communist dictatorship, deportation, forced labour camp, personal resources, borderland
Abstract: The study presents the career of Pál Losonczi, a former head of state of Hungary (1967-1987) through his honors, which are held in the Rippl-Rónai Museum. Through the example of an award, the author also shows how the honors are processed.
Keywords: international relations, Losonczi Pál, Kádár era, phaleristics, Hungary
Abstract: Description of a swine heard axe dedicated to Bela Szibenliszt and its connection to the named person.
Keywords: carving, folk art, Várda, Somogy county.
Abstract: The paper was written about the church attires of the two villages of Outer-Somogy County from the 18th to the 21st century, taking into account ecclesiastical art and local history aspects. During the Counter-Reformation period, Baroque art was destined to conquer believers in the Catholic religion. A good example of this is the more than 250-year-old mass chasuble, which is a latent applied art value in Gölle. This chasuble bears several common similarities with the mass dresses from Maria Theresa ‘s embroidery workshop: it is very richly embroidered with scotch, its pattern and color are also similar. During the 19th-20th centuries not only aristocratic women but also peasant women embroidered mass chasubles. In these villages one can find mass chasubles with Matyo, Kalocsa and Buzsák patterns. In the case of Kisgyalán village, we could also form a picture of the time and way of making the chasubles. The changes in the motif on the mass dresses can be well traced in the photos, from the 18th to the 21st century.
Keywords: mass dress, baroque, counter-reformation, Maria Theresa, embroidered with scofium, folk embroidery, liturgical colors
Abstract: Respect for traditions is still consciousness and character-forming, which is reinforced by folk songs and Hungarian songs. What is being said is easier and more beautiful with the help of the thoughts expressed by their lyrics. In order to study this, I recorded everyone’s most favored song, folk song, and sometimes ballad in my hometown, Kisgyalán. From a methodological point of view, different versions and variations of folk songs and Hungarian songs were searched. The favored songs varied based on the inhabitant’s occupation, character, appearance, different qualities, and also on their different abilities and orientations. Different songs were sung at a wedding, at work, at school, or even during drinking. What one wanted to let others know, s/he told them what was on his or her mind by singing. During the recall of the songs, long-unmentioned images of life also came to life.
Keywords: village community, wedding, outlaw song, ballad, hired song, military song, tradition, celebration
Abstract: The depiction of Hungarian village and rural life appeared as a motif of outstanding significance in 20th-century painting. The representation of the hungarian village and rural life appeared as an outstanding motif in the 20th century painting. The variations in the appearance of the topic are closely related to the transformations of Hungarian society in the 20th century (vagy 20th century helyett:era). The focus is on each in artistic oeuvres to depict the rural sites of civic life and to the myth of a peasant living in harmony with nature and folklorization, elsewhere a new, pantheistic one falls to create a picture of nature. In the artistic oeuvres the focus was on the representation of the civil life’s rural locations, on the myth of peasants who live in harmony with nature, more on their folklrisation and elsewhere on a new, pantheistic naturepicture creation. In the first half of the 20th century, this idyll dominates in pictorial expressions describing the concept of rurality. In the first part of the study, different variations of the depictions of the rural idyll appearing in the art of Somogy are reviewed, especially focusing on the art of József Rippl- Rónai. In the first half of the study, the different variations of rural idyll’s depictions in Somogy’s art are reviewed, especially focused on József Rippl-Rónai’s works.
Keywords: countryside representation, idyll, home-idyll, Lajos Kunffy, Kaposvár, József Rippl-Rónai, small town, interieur
Abstract: The study discusses the relationship between sound and motion picture, focusing on some new hybrid art methods. The rediscovery of analog media art techniques raises interesting new questions today. How do the old and new techniques and thinking come together? Brief analysis of contemporary art examples makes written notions more plastic.
Keywords: signal, early media instruments, visual music, hybrid art