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A kaposvári Rippl-Rónai Múzeum közleményei 4. köt. (2016.)

Tartalom

  • Kevey Balázs ,
    Tóth István Zsolt :

    Abstract: The study contains a phytosociological analysis of alder swamps found in the Tengelic Sand Ridge, an expanse of mostly windblown sand in the westernmost part of the Great Hungarian Plain, west of the Danube River. These swamps occur in the depressions among sand dunes, where the ground is covered with water for most part of the year. The species composition is characterized by the dominance of alder (Alnus glutinosa) in the forest canopy with the sporadic occurrence of common birch (Betula pendula). The stands also host several rare herbaceous species, some of which are considered relics in the Great Plain, such as Carex paniculata, C. pseudocyperus, Cirsium palustre, Dryopteris carthusiana, D. dilatata, D. expansa, Listera ovata, Thelypteris palustris, Urtica kioviensis, and Veratrum album.

    Keywords: Great Hungarian Plain, forest vegetation on sand, syntaxonomy

  • Kevey Balázs :

    Abstract: The study deal with the phytosociological characteristics of oak forests growing on the loess-covered hills on the Harkány-Nagynyárád plain, where the author found representative stands of a recently described community, the closed pedunculate oak forest on loess (Pulmonario mollis-Quercetum roboris). This community occupies xero-mesic habitats between the more xeric habitat of the open steppe woodland (Aceri tatarici-Quercetum roboris) and the mesic habitats of the closed oak-hornbeam forest (Corydali cavae-Carpinetum). In terms of its ecological role, this community is the ecological equivalent of the closed pedunculate oak forest on calcareous sand (Convallario-Quercetum roboris). In the closed pedunculate oak forest, character species of dry grasslands (Festuco-Brometea, Festucetalia valesiacae, Festucion rupicolae, etc.) play a subordinate role as opposed to the open steppe woodland, in which these species are prevalent. Unlike the open steppe woodland, the community harbors a number of mesic species (Querco-Fagetea, Fagetalia, Carpinenion) in the understorey, owing to the xero-mesic character of its habitat. It is separated from the often adjoining stands of closed oak-hornbeam forest, which grows at the bottom of the valleys, by the occurrence of species characteristic of dry oak woods (Quercetea pubescentis-petraeae, Quercetalia cerridis, Aceri tatarici-Quercion), and the absence of several mesic species (Querco-Fagetea, Fagetalia, Carpinenion) typical in the oak-hornbeam forest. This community is thus classified as a member of the Polygonato latifolio-Quercenion roboris Kevey 2008 suballiance.

    Keywords: syntaxonomy, forest vegetation on loess, Great Hungarian Plain

  • Ábrahám Levente :

    Abstract: Between 1986-1997, large butterfly and moth fauna was examined in the Lake Baláta Nature Reserve (Somogy county). In 1987, a light trap was operated for a year in Kanizsaberek, the closest settlement to the protected area, and the further faunistic investigation was carried out by lighting in the other three points of the protected area. The butterflies were collected along forest roads, the narrow-gauge railway and deforestation area. During the investigation, 68 butterfly and 401 moth species were found. 8190 specimens were collected by the light trap, which belonging to 367 species. According to cited literature and the present study, the number of species known from the area is 504 (73 butterflies, 431 moths). The fauna is characterized by the high number of birch and alder consumer species, which can be related to the the moorland. The number of protected species is 43 and 5 species of Natura 2000 (Lycaena dispar, Maculinea nausithous, Maculinea teleius, Proserpinus proserpina, Euplagia quadripunctaria) were found.

    Keywords: Macrolepidoptera, faunistics, nature conservation, Lake Baláta, Hungary

  • Purger J. Jenő :

    Abstract: Pellets were collected between 1995 and 2016, from 53 localities (investigated area: XL89, XL99, YL08, YL09, XM52, XM61, XM62, XM70, XM72, XM74, XM80, XM81, XM82, XM83, XM84, XM90, XM91, XM93, XM95, YM02, YM03, YM12, YM13, YM14, YM22, YM23, YM24 and BS73, according to 10×10 km UTM grids). In a total of 5164 Barn Owl pellets 14360 prey remnants were found. In the diet of Barn Owls small mammals dominated (98.6%). From the prey items the presence of 27 mammal species (Crocidura leucodon, C. suaveolens, Sorex araneus, S. minutus, Neomys anomalus, N. fodiens, Talpa europaea, Eptesicus serotinus, Nyctalus leisleri, N. noctula, Myotis myotis, Muscardinus avellanarius, Microtus agrestis, M. arvalis, M. subterraneus, Arvicola amphibius, Myodes glareolus, Apodemus agrarius, A. flavicollis, A. sylvaticus, A. uralensis, Micromys minutus, Mus musculus, M. spicilegus, Rattus norvegicus, R. rattus, Mustela nivalis) was confirmed. Remnants of birds, amphibians and insects made up only 1.4% of total prey.

    Keywords: diet, distribution, Soricomorpha, Chiroptera, Rodentia, Weasel

  • Csizmadia Gábor ,
    Németh Péter Gergely :

    Abstract: Besides introducing the Roman Age barrow cemeteries, this study also presents other burial locations of similar type with Prehistoric or uncertain dating, as well as the results of exploration of settlements near the Roman tumuli.

    Keywords: Roman Age, Barrow, Tumulus, Cemetery, Settlement

  • Harag Mátyás :

    Abstract: The cemetery, which was discovered in the northern territory of Csoma (Somogy County) in 1956, lies in the valley of River Kapos. In this region we know several cemeteries from the Early Middle Ages, but most of them are unpublished. According to the published sites, a large population lived there at the time of the fall of the Avar Khaganate. Future research will be able to answer what happened with this people after the end of the Avar rule. However, the first step in this research is to analyze and publish the unpublished sites, like the Late Avar Age cemetery of Csoma.

    Keywords: Early Middle Ages, Kapos-valley, Avar Khaganate

  • Magyar Kálmán :

    Abstract: This article deals with excavations made in Fonyód between 1996-1998 and in 2001, where we located 10 and 11th century old cemeteries. The first excavation was centered by the sandpit near the 150 year-old press house. Due to numerous field works lasted for decades, a large group of burials were almost completely destroyed. We were able to determinate its age and characteristics from the skeleton remains and funeral offerings of one grave (S-terminalled lockrings). During our other excavation made on a small dune at Sándor street 26, we found a similar cemetary from the 10-11th century with 54 graves and burial remains. Based on the pottery findings, it was in use by the Romans and later became the funeral site of the early inhabitants of Fonyód. The early Arpadian cemetary was located on the west side of the mound. The graves were situated westward-eastward mostly without funeral offerings, but in nine cases we recovered notable findigs like bronze S-terminalled lockrings, shell necklaces and bronze rings on the annulary bones. We could not find any coffins or traces of bricks in the recovered area. There were many instances of skeleton remains of adolescent or small children beside the adult skeletons - mostly female - which indicate family burials. Furthermore, we recovered skeletons positioned with both arms across the waist. Towards the west, a five meter wide empty tract occured to us where a jar and two kinds of animal bones surfaced - one of a dog and the other possibly of a boar. Considering there were no other findings in that area, it might have been a significant place for burial customs or further ceremonial rituals.

    Keywords: Fonyód, sandpit, Sándor street 26, excavations, early Arpadian age, cemetaries from the 10-11th century, common burials, family burials, graves, funeral offerings, jewels, ornaments, animal bones, burial customs

  • Bognár Katalin :

    Abstract: In the border of Balatonőszöd an irontooldeposit was foundend in 2001. The place where were the artefacts recovered was next to the excavation of the arpadian age settlement. In the deposit there were six agricultural irontools, two ironsticks, a piece of melted iron and a whetstone. The artefacts have analogies from the Hungarian conquest period till the late middle ages, but because of the closest analogies the deposit is supposedly from the 13-14th centuries.

    Keywords: agricultural, irontool, 13-14th centuries

  • Molnár István :

    Abstract: During 2008 and 2009 we excavated 9 early new age burials near Kaposvár. According to the find material and the burial practices the cemetery can be connected to inhabitants arriving from the Balkans during the Turkish era. A strange peculiarity was a young woman placed in sitting position into the grave with an iron horseshoe under her legs.

    Keywords: cemetery, ottoman era

  • Honti Szilvia ,
    Aradi Csilla ,
    Balogh Csilla ,
    György László ,
    Költő László ,
    Molnár István ,
    Németh Péter Gergely ,
    Skriba-Nagy Mónika ,
    Somogyi Krisztina ,
    Tokai Zita Mária :

    Abstract: In the first half of the study excavation projects financed through grants are described during the 2012-2015 period (Bárdudvarnok, Iharos, szőkedencs, őrtilos, zamárdi). In the second half the archaeological results of those preliminary excavations are dealt with which are connected to a given project e.g. the construction of Route No. 67., of the gas pipeline between Csombárd and Edde, and of the southern Balaton sewage pipeline. At the end of the paper the outcome of various other projects - further preliminary excavations, find protection and archaeological observation are mentioned.

    Keywords: animal shaped altar, Neolithic circular ditch, sarcophagus, Papal bull, font

  • Gáspár Ferenc :

    Abstract: According to an early chronicler, the documents of the hospital of Kaposvár from its foundation in 1849 to 1859 have gone completely lost. Other researchers approved this claim, so this decade has not been revealed ever since. Based on the files and documents found at the Hospital History Collection of Mihály Bodosi in the Kaposi Mór Educating Hospital, the author introduces the history of the ’missing period’ and the following decade. The article is the first to disclose the operation of the prison hospital, which - intermittently - sometimes served as the only health care institution of the county.

    Keywords: Military occupation, foundational hospital, public hospital, prison hospital

  • Lanszkiné Széles Gabriella :

    Abstract: Publication of the correspondence of István Fekete and József Cséplő is thanked to the children of József Cséplő. Since József Cséplő was 19 years younger than István Fekete, the writer welcomed the advice of his great idol. In addition, the strong connection was rooted in their same place of origin; the distance between villages Gölle and Fonó is only 7 km. Their letters and postcards survived for the posterity.

    Keywords: letters of István Fekete, Gölle, Fonó, Somogy county

  • Sánta Gábor :

    Abstract: The story of Tüskevár (Thorn Castle) and Téli berek (Winter Grove) written by István Fekete, the most popular Hungarian writer take place in the Little Balaton covered by enormous reeds. From the early fifties, he regularly stayed on the Diás island for several weeks while playing close attention to archaeological excavation carried out this place. He was not a philologist and did not write historical novels either, but the ruins were regularly mentioned in his novels.

    Keywords: Little Balaton, Zalavár - Vár island, Tutajos, Bütyök, Uncle Matula

  • Horváth János :

    Abstract: The author published different short studies and stories about József Rippl-Rónai’s biography and his works. An obscure document was also published about the origin of his house which known in Kaposvár as Róma villa. It is the first time to compile Lazarine’s biography, French-born wife of the painter in which her tapestry of artistic activities was reviewed. Due to the modern style innovations, „Fifty drawings” titled and published by Rippl-Rónai in 1913 was also reported. In these studies, the English Fenella Lowell appeared as a model, who inspired nude women oil-paintings of Rippl-Rónai. An unknown letter from Rippl-Rónai’s daughter, the German-born Amélie Feigl was documented. An Rippl-Rónai’s counterfeiting pastel was storied which was happened at the end of the artist’s life (1927) during his illness.

    Keywords: József Rippl-Rónai; Olga Máté, Lazarine, Fenella, pastel portrait, gobelin, fauve wash-drawing nudes

  • Gáspár Ferenc :

    Abstract: János Milán Horváth has already published a study on the ’legacy of Rippl-Rónai already existing by the time of his death’ in the 1992 issue of the Publications of the Museums of Somogy County. We continue this story. In this work of ours we follow the afterlife of this legacy and finish the review with the years after the death of Baudrion Lazarine, the general heir of the legator. The research has showed us such correlations and events that extended the circle of inspection and enrich our knowledge with brand new data on the faith of the artistic oeuvre of József Rippl-Rónai. We present the story of a painting that had gone missing from the “Róma Villa” after the painter’s death and later came back to its owner. We also present the documents in connection with the initial era of the Völgyessy collection that became quite significant later on.

    Keywords: Final will and testament, Baudrion Lazarine, Anella Páris, Ferenc Völgyessy, lawsuit

  • Albertini Béla :

    Abstract: In 1920, Eduard Kuchinka from Vienna started a debate with Viktor Teißler from Prague in the „Photographische Korrespondenz”. The latter stated in London’s Penrose’s Annual that given his place of birth, Josef Petzval (Petzval József 1807-1891), the famous lens constructor was of “Czechoslovakian” descent. Kuchinka showed that Szepesbéla, Petzval’s place of birth became part of Czechoslovakia only after the World War. The author from Vienna compensated the Czechoslovakian bias with his own German bias: according to him, Petzval was of German descent. The true facts are: József Petzval was born on the territory of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, with his paternal side being Czech (maybe Moravian), his spindle side being German. Any such claim of appropriation is unscholarly.

    Keywords: lens constructor, Szepesbéla, origin in regard of birthplace, ethnic origin, political impulse, national prejudice, peace treaty, citizen

  • Gyenes Zsolt :

    Abstract: To make the mediums get out of their routine has always been a task of the curious creator with the intention to explore. By permanently emerging new techniques, this presents a growing challenge and increasing state of excitement. The experimental artist works against the apparatus; is looking for possibilities to make the program fail. His/Her aim in doing so is to highlight the significant features; to ask the fundamental questions.

    Keywords: Expanded cinema, Abstract film, Loop, Post-digital, Synchronization, Chance as strategy

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