Abstract: This paper concerns a 12th century ritual deponation laid in a semi-subterranean building probably in connection with its abandonment. A wheelstone, bones of a chicken, and pieces of an egg were found under a pot turn upside down. Medieval, Bronze and Iron age paralels for the placement of the deponation in the southwestern corner of the building are investigated.
Keywords: ritual deposit, building sacrifice, whitchcraft, medieval rural settlements
Abstract: In this study, we demonstrate the results of rise in the groundwater level through the exploration of a settlement dating back to the era of the Arpad Dynasty.
Keywords: a settlement dating back to the era of the Arpad Dynasty, rise in groundwater level, climate change
Abstract: In 2010 a group of historical reenactors decided to build a house-reconstruction in Hungary from the 11th-13th centuries. We took part some historical festivals in Europe where the organizers showed high quality experimental archeology to the tourists. We chose a Historical Park in Hungary and got a place where we started the building operations. Informations from archeological and ethnographical articles and monographies were collected after that we search people who have experiences in this theme. After collecting the informations about the houses we planned our building. The group made written notes and photos during the experiment. We only worked in weekends, so that we finished the main procession in 2012. We didn’t want to exactly follow or contradict to anybody, only made our idea but persisted in archeological remains.
Keywords: 11th-13th centuries, building, reconstruction, wooden raw materials, experimental archeology, pit-house
Abstract: Present paper analyses some aspects of hierarchy within 10th-14th centuries villages, farms and intermediate forms of habitation using mainly the data of excavations and field surveys in Pest County.
Keywords: social hierarchy, settlement structure, formation of settlements, church
Abstract: This paper presents the settlement structure research of the village in county Vas. Parts of four buildings with foundation ditch and postholes could be identified in this ditch, economical house and other ditches came to light in this excavation, so it can be design the main street and the inner structure of this settlement.
Keywords: village research, settlement structure, building
Abstract: The church of Lápafő can be found on the western border of Tolna County. It was first mentioned in a Medieval document in 1430. The building was excavated in the Calvinist cemetery of present-day Lápafő in 2012. In the first, Romanesque period a church with a semicircular apse was built from stones, bricks and rammed clay layers. In the Late Middle Ages an annex was added to the church. The full length of the building was about 18,8 meters.
Keywords: Arpad Dynasty, late Middle Ages, settlement study, history of architecture, cemetery
Abstract: The article summarizes the history of the medieval „Szentlélek” Pauline friary in Miskolc and the results of the excavation in 2012.
Keywords: Dédes, friary, conservation
Abstract: The aim of the present article is to establish the chronology of the late Gothic rebuilding of the church of the Benedictine abbey of Somogyvár, to present a reconstruction of its nave vault erected at that time, and to analyse the art historical significance and dating of the vault, and the historial context of the construction.
Keywords: late Gothic architecture, abbey of Somogyvár, net vault, István Báthori, sixteenth century
Abstract: The Provostry and Church of the Virgin Mary (Szűz Mária) at Székesfehérvár went through several reconstructions in the Middle Ages. The last significant expansion was initiated by Matthias Corvinus. The late Gothic elements of the Provostry’s vault was found by Imre Henszlmann in the territory of the ruined monument in the 1860’s. The rib vault dating back to the period of Matthias Corvinus was annexed to the buttress built in the Angevin Era. The construction with internal buttresses could come into existence as a consequence of this fixity in the building technique. Examples for this can be found in the Franciscan Church in Szeged-Alsóváros, and in several churches in Transylvania.
Keywords: net vault, rib vault, late gothic, 3D digitizing, Székesfehérvár, internal buttress, Matthias Corvinus, Imre Henszlmann
Abstract: Current paper gives a short description on an unknown, fortified church, situated in the Bódva Valley, North-East Hungary. With a map, a plan and 3 photos.
Keywords: defensive wall, Medieval, Post-Medieval, Ecclesial, hajdú, Torna, Esterházy, fortified church, loophole
Abstract: In this article the authors present the latest excavation, which was carried on in the western part of the upper castle of Sirok. The lower fortress was reconstructed for tourism financed by the European Union. The remnants of the embrasures and other objects in the bastions and other walls were documented before the building works.
Keywords: castle, building archeology, middle ages, Ottomans
Abstract: In 2011 in connection with the reconstruction of Boldogkő Castle building archeological investigations were carried on. Thanks to the excavations several periods of the the northern tower forming a triangle, the so-called Malombástya and the exterior gateway came to light.
Keywords: Boldogkőváralja, building archeology, tower, exterior fortress, wooden-earth fortification, palisade, reconstruction
Abstract: Using the written and archaeological sources, my aim is to give a statement of the facts about Szigetvár during the last campaign of Süleyman the Magnificent in 1566. The major part of the examination was done with the help of the chronicles, mainly the so called Sigetvar-nâmes, the separate Ottoman chronicles about the campaign and the results of the earlier and new archaeological excavations.
Keywords: Ottoman Empire, 1566 Szigetvár campaign, Ottoman era Hungary, historical and archaeological investigations, Szigetvár castle
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present the most valuable ceramic pieces from the excavations of Gyula Castle (1956-61), led by Nándor Parádi. It contains the examination of 17 pieces in all, from the groups of Iznik ware, Chinese celadon, porcelain ware and the so-called „Persian” fayance from the 16th-17th centuries.
Keywords: ceramics, 16th-17th centuries, Great Plain of Hungary
Abstract: During the examination of the two black glazed tile stoves from Nyírbátor, we couldn’t decide if the black colour was the result of a technological mistake or it was coloured on purpose. Because of that, we have come to a decision to examine the tiles with the help of electron microscopy. Our hypothesis was that in the case of conscious color management we will find ordinary materials such as manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe) in the glaze. On the other hand, if the black colour is the result of a mistake, it could be the consequence of an undue burning atmosphere. In this case, the outcome presumably would be a green or yellow glaze. The examination has come to a different conclusion.
Keywords: tile stove, black glaze, iron silicate, Nyírbátor
Abstract: This article investigates the inventory of belongings owned by Clémence of Hungary, queen of France. The inventory, created after her death, lists within 748 „items” the estates of Clémence, and the exact prices for which they were sold. Among others, descriptions of various pieces of clothing, jewellery, religious and secular pieces of art, numerous horses and chariots, and even the royal tablewear are kept by this interesting source of 14th century culture history.
Keywords: medieval queenship, court life, dynastical representation
Abstract: During the restoration of two 16th century corollas made with metal thread, the aim was not only to conserve these artifacts but also to make a documentation according to which a reconstruction of the corollas can be made in the future.
We have compared these corollas (one of which was found in Tapsony-Terebezd, and the other one is from an unknown locality), according to their materials and production-technologies. In the course of the comparison, it turned out that the metal thread of the artifacts is yellow brass foil twined around the silk inner thread. The use of these materials together is unique. The synthesis of the corollas’ metal threads are quite similar to each others.
Keywords: corolla, metal thread, fake gold thread, lace, islog, sequin
Abstract: An archaeological study of an abanadoned vernacular house in central Hungary focusing on material culture as well as the building archaeology of the traditional structures. With 20 figures.
Keywords: contemporary archaeology, building archaeology, vernacular architecture
Abstract: The paper deals with the changes in settlement structure of Mesztegnyő, a medieval town situated in Inner-Somogy, between the Sári and the Boronka brooks, on the Eastern slopes of the Marcali hills.
Keywords: oppidum, Dominican closter, population change, fortification, street network, land division
Abstract: The coin hoards dating back to the time of the Tatar Invasion in Hungary were studied on the basis of numismatical, historical and economic historical points of view. The first coin hoards were found by Gábor Kárpáti in a grave while he was reconning at the ruins of the monastery on Pécs-Jakab-hegy. This finding consisted of 18 pieces of friesacher denars. The second coin hoards were found during the excavation of the Cella Septichora in 2005. The 52 friesacher denars were presented by Balázs Bodó in a catalogue in 2007. The materials of these findings were examined by MTA (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) with a result that confirms our precognitions about Pécs in the era of the Arpad Dynasty. Also we could make further conclusions for further researches on numismatics.
Keywords: the era of the Arpad Dynasty, friesacher denar, numismatics, coins
Abstract: The article gives an insight into the coin hoards of Somogy county from the medieval and early modern ages. Till this time, there was no complex résumé about these artifacts, therefore the aim of this study is to supply this deficiency. We have knowledge of 90 coin hoards in Somogy county, but probably there were many other findings beyond this quantity. The majority of these artifacts are from non-authentic archeological excavations or rather they are not accessible for archeological purposes.
Keywords: denars, tallers, gold coins, Arpad Dynasty, Osman Period
Abstract: In 2008, silver coins were found during an archeological excavation at Kossuth Square in Pécs. The coin hoard which consisted of 381 pieces of coins was found in a sporran from next to some broken potteries. Restorations of the silver coins were done by the Archeological Department of Janus Pannonius Museum. After their specifications were made, we have analyzed the coin hoard by means of numismatics methodology. Considering the occurence and the time of concealment of the artifacts, construction of the silver coins is unique in relation to many other coin hoards dating back to the same era. It seems that the owner of the silver coins hid his pouch after 1560.
Keywords: early New Age, numismatics, silver coins
Abstract: The rescue excavations carried out in the centre of Pápa produced a huge number of very different finds. Among others more than one hundred cloth seals were found, which number is higher than the all other such from the territory of the whole medieval Kingdom of Hungary. These seals represent a very intensive distance trade of cloth production in 15th-17th centuries between Pápa and several important western centres of cloth-production, including Cologne, Ulm, Nuremberg, Arras, Hamburg etc. The finds from Pápa supplement the data known from the written sources concerning the cloth trade.
Keywords: cloth seals, textile production, urban archaeology, international trade