Abstract: Drawing the map of landscape division in the new National Atlas of Hungary, the authors followed two basic principles: 1) the hierarchy levels should adjust to the major regions of Europe and, if possible, to the taxonomic systems elaborated in the neighbouring countries; 2) landscape names and delineations should not be influenced by national borders. The former number of regions has been reduced from 35 to 31, but 6 ‘new’ regions also appeared on the present territory of Hungary: the Fertő–Moson Plain, the Styrian Prealps, the Danubian (Váh–Nitra–Hron) Hills, the Alpine Foreland of the Rába (Raab), the Banat Plain and the Nógrád (Novohrad)–Abaúj (Abov) Depression. The microregions were affected by the most fundamental changes: instead of the former 230 microregions the new map of landscape divisions contains only 195 of them. More than 1/3 of the names of the microregions have been modified, realizing a more consistent nomenclature. Among the microregion-groups and macroregions an almost forgotten historical name, the Vajdavár Region, reappears. Since in the case of many microregions the area beyond the national border, in a neighbouring country, is more extended, it seemed justified to employ the Hungarian versions of the official names used there (e.g. Németújvár/Güssing Hills, Losonc/Lučenec Basin). The authors tried to leave out hints to geomorphological features from the landscape names (e.g. floodplain, terrace, alluvial fan and others). In addition to the terminology, the alignment of landscape boundaries was also revised, but they were only modified where recent research led to considerable shift (at least 8–10 km) in the boundaries.
Keywords: landscape taxonomy, harmonisation, historical names
Abstract: This study presents the examination results of the landform development of a mud volcano area located in the Buzău Geopark, which is lying along the outer rim of the Eastern Carpathian Mountains. Between the settlements of Berca – that lies in the valley of River Buzău – and Beciu – approximately 30 km further to the north – mud volcanoes appear linking to the axis of a north-south anticline. In the axis of the anticline and along the fault zone that crosses the axis the mud with saline oily water flows upward to the surface due to the pressure of methane gas. In the area of the anticline zone, next to the well-known Pâclele Mari and Pâclele Mici mud volcanoes, there are two other mud volcano areas named Fierbători (its meaning ‘where the water is bubbling’) in the south, at the border of Berca, and the less known Beciu in the northern part of the zone.
Keywords: mud volcano, Buzău Geopark, landforms, gryphons, mudpools, mudlobes
Abstract: Teaching on landscape is one of the most traditional frameworks for attaining knowledge regarding the space. The deepness and aspect of its approach have age-related differences, moving traditionally from the holistic approach towards the typicality and then to the uniqueness. The new taxonomy of the natural landscapes of the Carpathian Basin published in the National Atlas of Hungary could be the base of the explanation of the hierarchy and of rethinking of the delimitation of the landscape units. Students should perceive that those landscape units which were previously all classified as ‘provinces’, now are interpreted in European framework, respectively within the Carpatho–Pannonian Area on different level of the landscape hierarchy. Its understanding requires studying not only the traditional maps but also the imageries recording different landscape categories. In addition, it is also necessary the consistent introduction of the new names of certain landscape units into the geography teaching and learning process.
Keywords: landscape, landscape hierarchy, part-whole problem, landscape boundary, nomenclature, curriculum, curriculum requirements, school map, digital map application, drawing landscape borders
Abstract: The communication is at the same age of the mankind but the social media communication is only at the same age of the secondary school students. This contradiction in the classroom is reflected in many areas. We communicate differently, think differently about teaching and learning in geography. This article attempts to explore the relationship between two areas of well-known ITL research– extended communication and the creative use of ICT – through an example of a geography student project, providing an idea of methodological innovation and the use of some online tools.
Keywords: communication, creative use of ICT, ITL research, extended communication, student project, geography teaching