Abstract: The analysis focuses on the European natural gas imports from Russia in the context of the collision of Western and Eastern great power interests, an opposition that we have been witnessing. Without this context, several basic questions of European energy policies are not understandable.
The analysis consists of five main parts. The first part briefly outlines the history of Russian natural gas exports to Europe during the classic cold war. The second part examines the failed natural gas pipeline projects highlighting, that they primarily failed mostly due to geopolitical reasons, rather than lack of business rationality. The third part outlines the present and future of European-Russian cooperation, focusing on North Stream 1 and 2. There will be an outlook on Russian natural gas exports to China in part four that will inevitably strengthen Russian capabilities to defend interests when bargaining with Europe. Finally, when analysing the possibilities to substitute Russian natural gas we will come to a conclusion that it can be accomplished in theory, but that would go against economic rationality.
Abstract: Earlier in one of my essays I was examining the demographic situation of the European Union’s countries, the social benefits which are provided to the migrants by them, and the migrants’ assimilation process. This time using my last results, I updated the previous examinations with more detailed statistics from all over Europe. With the help of these statistics, I was able to execute a more comprehensive research, which focused on the migrant groups’ situation in the present and their economic impact on Europe.
This research also includes the demographic evaluation of Austria, and the latest decisions made by the government concerning the migrants. From the statistics and the examinations I concluded that Austria won’t be able to manage absorbing the same number of refugees as in the previous years. In case of hosting the same amount of migrants will cause an economic disaster in the country in about 20 years.
Abstract: Despite the fact that the base of muslim religion is in Western-Asia, Southeast-Asia has bigger muslim population than the „cradle of Islam”. The World’s biggest Muslim country is not in the Middle-East, but in South Asia: it is Indonesia, but Bangladesh is in the top 5 as well. Furthermore, countries such as Malaysia, Thailand and increasingly in the Philippines has also a big number of Muslim inhabitants. In these countries, based on history and cultural differences, Islam was not the main religion, that is why monotheist and polytheist believers have to live together in peace. However, since 2014, the Islamic State has started to influence this area that is why the phenomenon of jihadism increases rapidly.
In my following research, I would like to investigate the state of Islamism in Indonesia and Malaysia, before and after the increased presence of the Islamic State, moreover, I would like to compare these countries and summarize their efficiency on counter-terrorism operations.
Abstract: Latin America is different therefore even the Latin-American terrorism is different from the terrorism in other parts of the World. The reasons are multiple: the historic background, the legacy of the liberation wars, the motivation, the Modus Operandi, the source of finances, the ideological roots, the logistics and the organizational patterns, etc. ... This study intends to highlight some important moments to make easier to assess the always-changing Latin America and the terrorism of the continent.
Abstract: Hungarian organizations dealing with terrorism dispose all necessary resources, and also have the appropriate legal background. These conditions enable them to react in a efficient way to events threatening the national security. On the other hand, for the private security sector there are no professional policy or training modules that would empower them to define and implement tasks related to terrorist attacks. Furthermore, the recent acts of terrorism pointed out that in a specific situation, members of a security service could get into direct contact with the attacker thus would also become the potential target. The study describes the relationship between terrorism and the private security sector, as well as the methodology which defines terror-related tasks of the private security.