Abstract: After studying in Budapest and Wien, Ernő Foerk first became an assistant to Imre Steindl at the Royal Joseph’s Polytechnic and later he started teaching at the Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural Industrial School. The practice of holiday surveys which is largely based on the experience gained in Wiener Bauhütte in Wien can be captured as a link between these two activities. Foerk’s full teaching activity was followed by the holiday paths he had with his students. These of course were also inextricably linked with the activities of the cultural heritage management at this time; the drawings made at that time were included in the National Committee of Monuments. Processing of the group in question may raise new issues of the history of architecture and scientific history possibly for wellknown monuments, sometimes for one person, as well as for a comprehensive look at Foerk’s model which has been previously sporadically examined.
Keywords: holiday surveys, Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural Industrial School, Hungarian Royal Joseph’s Polytechnic, National Committee of Monuments, Wiener Bauhütte
Abstract: Ernő Foerk’s most well-known work in architectural circles is certainly the volume published in the reprint edition, which collects the material of the building surveys conducted by the students of the Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural Industrial School between 1912-1942. The introduction to each volume shows that he considered to document the buildings as the main task of the surveys - besides their role in education - and thus to serve the Hungarian culture. Architectural surveying is still one of the most important starting points for monument reconditioning. Ideally, the process of monument reconditioning consists of the following steps: Scientific Research - Pre-planning Technical Studies – Compilation of a Planning Program and Planning - Professional Authority Control (getting of building permission) – Building Construction Work and (Fine Art) Restoration - Maintenance. This paper presents the essential role of surveying in this process.
Keywords: monument surveying, architectural surveying, true-to-form surveying
Abstract: Ernő Foerk and Gyula Sándy made common plans for several competitions. This study intends to show their successful cooperation as well as some of their realized buildings and awarded plans. The buildings and plans are shortly described and analyzed from the aspect of style. At the end of the study all of their common works are listed chronologically.
Keywords: Ernő Foerk, Gyula Sándy, Plan Competitions, Architectural styles
Abstract: Tüköry Mansion in Dioš (Diósszentpál), Croatia, was designed by architects Ernő Foerk and Gyula Sándy in 1904. It is situated near the Central Slavonian town of Končanica and in close proximity of Daruvar, on an estate that belonged to Tüköry family. The late-historicist country house was commissioned by Paula von Falkenberg, a widow of Alajos Tüköry de Algyest, as a permanent residence for her and her three children. It was built in the eclectic late-historicist style of fin-de-siècle Hungary, highly inspired by the late-mediaeval art and architecture of northern Italy. Those stylistic influences were strongly manifested in the architectural design of the mansion, but even more its great hall, the focal point of its layout, designed in 1904–05. Based on both archival and terrain research, this paper aims to determine the main factors of cultural and architectural identity of the mansion by elucidating its history and stylistic genealogy.
Keywords: Daruvar, manor house, cultural history, late-historicist eclecticism, mediaeval motifs, great hall
Abstract: Architects Aladár Árkay and Ernő Foerk crossed the path reasonable few times, even though their course of life were parallel. Not only the place, but also the date of their birth were quite close. This fact will be the starting point to compare the two architects’ career.
Keywords: Árkay, Foerk, church architecture, Historicism, Art Nouveau, Modern
Abstract: After the flood has demolished the largest part of Szeged the citizens decided to build a Votive church dedicated to Virgin Mary as a symbol of Hungarian national identit. After the opening design tender finally Ernő Foerk was assigned as architect to design the new church. During the years numerous events stucked the construction like from the question of the designer person, the breaking out of the World War I. till the finding of a medieval tower inside the walls of the former church. We can have a deeper glimpse into the details of the story of the architecture due to Foerk’s diary is held in the Hungarian Museum of Architecture.
Keywords: architecture, Votive church, Cathedral, Dömötör tower, Ernő Foerk, Szeged, Hungary,
Abstract: Present paper is about Ernő Foerk’s several architectural works which involved monument preservation. Questions about the theory and practice of monument preservation are surveyed, focusing on restoration and reconstruction in Hungary in the marked period.
Keywords: Ernő Foerk, National Committee of Monuments, history of monument protection, reconstruction, restoration, monuments
Abstract: The restoration of the Baroque cathedral of Kalocsa was led by Ernő Foerk between 1907 and 1912. During these years the facades of the church were renewed, a Neo-Baroque ambulatory was added, and excavations were carried out within the sanctuary and in front of the south facade. Based on these excavations, Ernő Foerk published theoretical reconstructions of the first and second medieval cathedrals and criticised the results of the previous research, conducted by Imre Henszlmann. Foerk, being also a scholar of the history of architecture, based his results on analogies. This paper intends to point out the elements which are outdated in the reconstruction of Foerk and his methodology that is still relevant.
Keywords: Kalocsa, Ernő Foerk, restoration of historic buildings, Ottonian architecture, Gothic architecture
Abstract: Ernő Foerk (1868-1934) born 150 years ago has significant oeuvre in the field of monument preservation and architectural education. As professor, one of his achievements was the organisation of summer survey camps named as ‘szünidei felvételek’ (vacation records) which was also accessible in published form. In the year of 1917 under his supervision, his students have surveyed all the scored Ottoman monuments of Hungary. In the following year these survey drawings were published with a brief summary of the history of Ottoman architecture in the territory of Hungary. Our paper is to submit the general circumstances of the Ottoman survey program supervised by Ernő Foerk with its historical background and the analysis of the methodology of the survey by the example of the türbe of Pécs.
Keywords: History of Ottoman Architecture, Hungarian-Turkish Architectural Relations, türbe of Idris Baba, monument survey, methodology
Abstract: The article reviews Ernő Foerk’s career through the perspective of his sacred buildings. Ernő Foerk’s oeuvre accounts for a significant proportion of these works. Most of his accomplished churches were made in a Historicist style with a Latin-cross-shaped plan and facade tower. His designs which remained on paper, however, show a more diverse picture from both spatial and stylistic aspect. A number of plans were marked together with Gyula Petrovácz, however, we should presume Foerk had a more significant role in the artistic formation. In addition to the general historicist language, his works also had unique stylistic features, which were mainly related to the design of towers’ proportions, windows, pediments and spires, and to the use of bricks in facade design.
Keywords: Ernő Foerk, sacred architecture, Historicism, Secession, central space formation