Abstract: On the Conditions of Successful Meaning Representation – Irony Comprehension and Conceptual Schemas The present study aims to call attention to the close relation existing between the meaning representation of texts and the types of elements as well as entities deriving from the mental lexicon, involved in ordering conceptual schemas to the whole of textual representation during reception. This is related to the occurrence of a certain degree of discrepancy that occurs between the meaning of certain semantic categories, which have the force to drive the interpretive attitude of the receiver in the direction of ordering figurative, or possibly, an ironically loaded content, rather than a literal meaning to the text comprehended. Testing of irony comprehension by patients with Asperger’s syndrome may provide useful results for our considerations concerning this relation with a potentially high degree of success.
Keywords: mental lexicon, conceptual schemas, irony, Asperger’s syndrome
Abstract: In this paper, firstly (1) we define the general „construction” concept, and describe an abstract model which captures this concept. This model is built on the notion of algebraic lattice. Secondly, (2) we apply the model to verbal expressions like he takes their opinions into consideration or the team would get rid of its beloved mascot. Then (3) by combining verbal expressions we make the model suitable for representing verbal expressions of a whole corpus together instead that of just one clause. Finally, (4) we outline the algorithmic framework, by which the model can become capable of identifying the so called real verbal expressions like take something into consideration or get rid of something in a corpus-driven way.
Keywords: lattice, algebraic model, verbal expression, lexical acquisition, corpus driven
Abstract: The present paper aims to investigate the cognitive processes involved in interpretation of the allegorical poem Két vitorla from Conrad Ferdinand Meyer. The analysis presented is at the interface between two disciplines, namely, cognitive poetics and cognitive linguistics. The main finding from this study is that the interpretation of allegorical lyrical texts depends not only on compositionality, but also on literal schemas, especially on text schemas and world schemas.
Keywords: Allegory, cognitive linguistics, cognitive grammar, cognitive poetics
Abstract: In this paper two (not completely unrelated) factors are discussed which may contribute to the use of preposed adjectives (i.e. AN vs NA phrases) in Scottish Gaelic, namely the grammatical feature of subjectivity and the pragmatic feature of emphasis. A combined analysis of a corpus study and interviews with native speakers was applied in the research. Subjectivity occurs in the case of certain nouns related to time and modality (such as latha ʻday’ and rùn ʻintention’). Emphasis has been attested in the case of a number of nouns qualified by the preposed adjective deagh- ʻgood’ both in the corpus and the interviews. The study has also revealed that preposed adjectives are typically found in more compoundlike expressions, while plain adjectives tend to highlight quality.
Keywords: preposed adjectives, subjunctive, emphasis, compounds, Celtic
Abstract: Emerging scientific results have an influence on the concept of aphasias. The studies focusing on linguistic disorders are colourful, as many fields of science are represented, and although they use different methods, their results have thoroughly changed our knowledge of the nature of aphasias. Besides the linguistic approach, the cognitive neuroscientific approach also has a great impact on current aphasia research, whose most important result is that a paradigm shift has unfolded by the ability to test different theoretical models on-line. The results of such multidisciplinary research contribute to a better understanding of linguistic ability and aphasias, as well as to the development of rehabilitation programmes based on evidence (Csépe, 2016: 149).
Keywords: aphasia, paradigm shift, cognitive neuroscientific approach
Abstract: In the case of languages which make a two-way distinction between demonstrative terms the choice between spatial demonstratives has traditionally been assumed to depend on the referent’s physical proximity to the speaker. However, recently this egocentric and speaker-anchored view has been challenged, and the addressee’s role in demonstrative reference has been emphasized (Peeters and Özyürek 2016). This paper reports the results of a production study on the use of Hungarian demonstrative determiners. It is argued that though the traditional view cannot be rejected, it is not satisfactory in itself, i.e. besides relative distance from the speaker the establishment or lack of joint attention between speaker and hearer to the referent and the presence or absence of a pointing gesture are also decisive factors.
Keywords: demonstrative, distance, joint attention, pointing gesture
Abstract: In my paper, I set out to analyse and quantify the occurrence of ambiguity of English structures with no or minimal context. To this end, I use an online corpus. First, I define the concept of ambiguity, using two renown dictionaries; second, briefly describe each structure with examples from the corpus and other sources; third, gain some quantified data regarding their occurrence in the corpus; four, find out whether my objective and assumptions prove to be true on the basis of my data; finally, draw the conclusions, and try to see if there are any other fields to be researched related to the topic of my paper.
Keywords: ambiguity, corpus, structure, context
Abstract: As part of the ever increasing research on the special language and discourse of tourism, this study inquires into how the persuasive discourse function, an effective communicative means of attracting potential customers, occurs in the texts of a small-scale tourism corpus. The study focuses on the investigation of lexical and grammatical choices in the travel articles of a self-compiled corpus, to examine in what ways the selection and recurrence of certain lexical and syntactic patterns manifest and demonstrate the persuasive promotional function of this special discourse. Following a brief account of the theoretical framework, the paper presents the results of a corpus-driven analysis of the use of keywords, attributive clusters, intensifiers, and ego-targeting person pronouns, as markers of persuasion in the articles related to city tours. The results suggest that further corpus-based research is needed on the lexical and syntactic patterns of tourism genres and registers to reveal the peculiar discursive features of tourism texts.
Keywords: tourism discourse, persuasive function, self-compiled corpus
Abstract: The aim of my paper is to describe a particular group of multimedial text, namely the song. To investigate it, I examined the different definitions of the text and summarized the groups of the multimedial texts in the context of the semiotic textology. In the second half of the article I analyzed the verbal and the musical components of one song which is clearly demonstrates that the musical constituent is able to streghten the global cohesion when the verbal part has fragmented linear cohesion.
Keywords: music, text, multimedial text, semiotic textology, cohesion