a borítólapra  Súgó epa Copyright 
Argumentum5. (2009.)

Tartalom

Tanulmányok

  • Koczogh Helga Vanda :
    Verbal Superiority of Women1-17en [114.68 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0010

    Abstract

    In this article my aim is to scrutinise the merits of the verbal superiority of women with the help of prevalent studies as well as to identify the possible causes. First, I wish to talk about the stereotypes of women in terms of verbosity, then I am going to examine the sex differences in brain structure and their consequences. I also introduce the sex-specific differences in cognitive functions highlighting the possible causes, using the findings of studies on healthy and damaged brains. Finally, I am going to shed some light on other factors that may contribute to the sex differences in cognitive functions. I propose that the widespread stereotype on female talkativeness is unfounded and the verbal superiority of women as such is non-existent. Certainly, there are sexspecific differences between men and women and these, according to my impression, are influenced by the interplay of both biology and cultural learning. I am also going to reveal that although there exist some consensus of researchers regarding the gender differences in language use, many of the findings show inconsistency.

  • Abuczki Ágnes :
    The Use of Metaphors in Advertising18-24 [87.84 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0020

    Abstract

    The aim of this study is to draw attention to the ways the media use and manipulate people's thinking by applying a specific type of figure speech, namely metaphor in advertisements. I try to investigate the relationship between individual psychology, metaphor and the media by means of a case study of the metaphors contained in two issues of the Cosmopolitan magazine, the original American issue and a Hungarian version. A model is proposed in my essay whereby people's thinking is structured by metaphor. Magazines such as the Cosmopolitan have the power to influence the way that people, and therefore, societies construct abstract domains such as interpersonal relationships, health, and beauty. In the first half of this paper, I will explain the relationship between consumerism and advertising; and I will also provide a definition of metaphors, describe their component parts, observe their role from a cognitive perspective, and provide a brief historical overview of the research of metaphors. In the second part of the paper, I will present my research of a collection of metaphors – categorized according to their source domains – found in the adverts of the magazine.

  • Turi Gergő :
    Kötőmód a mai magyar nyelvben25-38 [329.59 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0030

    Abstract

    In my paper, I argue that Hungarian grammar includes a subjunctive mood. Relying on results of previous literature, I claim that the verbal suffix identified as ’imperative’ in Hungarian morphology, in fact, represents the subjunctive. Imperative is encoded on the level of syntax by an imperative operator, which selects a subjunctive verb phrase. In my paper, I discuss the different contexts requiring a subjunctive complement. I analyze the morphosyntax of the subjunctive, and model it by tree diagrams, as well.

  • Mezei Zsuzsa :

    Abstract

    The role of the German language in the European identity

    The analysis presented here is based on two assumptions: (1) Hungarian students of German studies have chosen this major because they hope to acquire a job of higher social status and to have better chances on the labour market in the future (2) they consider multilingualism to be very important, which contributes to the advancement of the European identity.

    The study is conducted in the following steps. Firstly, the definitions of the European identity are outlined and the methodological background of the research is specified. Secondly, the results of a survey are presented, which was carried out among students of German studies at the University of Debrecen, Hungary. The outcomes of the study correspond with the assumptions outlined above.

  • Székely Gábor :

    Abstract

    On the initiative of the Institute of German Studies of the University of Debrecen a research group has been formed under the supervision of J. Pilarsky. The research group aims to write a German-Hungarian contrastive grammar. Thereby, the point of departure is U. Engel's widely known grammar. The German-Polish, German- Serbo-Croatian and German-Rumanian versions of this grammar have already been written, and the German- Hungarian version would join the latter. The present paper discusses the problems arising during the description of the adjective while comparing the two languages. The aspects of the description are the following: (1) The interference-phenomena directly deriving from the systems of the two languages; (2) The principles of the description, difficulties resulting from the difference between theoretical backgrounds; (3) Questions of terminology; (4) Lexical comparison.

  • Agyagási Klára :
    A jövevényszó mint nyelvtörténeti adat80-92 [251.35 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0060

    Abstract

    The specificity of loanwords as linguistic data consists not only in their being made up of systemic elements but also in revealing the changes that have taken place in the recipient language since the time of borrowing. Making use of a specific example, the author attempts to point out that, despite exact and regular correspondences between the data structures of donor and recipient, the reconstructum as a datum can only be plausible and cannot be regarded as evidence

  • Iványi Zsuzsanna :
    Konstruktionseinheiten und soziale Positionierung im Gespräch105-109de [80.72 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0070

    Abstract

    The aim of the present study is to show with the help of a conversation analytical investigation in what way marking out the contours of the constructional units that build up communication and the linguistic devices of social positioning are related in the course of everyday conversation.

    Through analysing an authentic recording which is part of a translation of a letter uttered in an informal conversation involving many participants, four levels are investigated: on the one hand, we consider the linguistic and content level of the conversation, on the other hand – necessarily – moving on two parallel levels of verbalisation, two intertwined processes are investigated: the process of formulating the letter and that of the formulating the translation together with the linguistic and content devices applied in these processes.

  • Nagy C. Katalin :
    Pragmatic and cognitive aspects of the research into grammaticalization110-127en [209.49 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0080

    Abstract

    Issues concerning data, evidence, methods and reasoning in linguistic studies are central topics of contemporary linguistics. The present paper aims to be a contribution to this line of inquiry, discussing the relationship between grammaticalization research and cognitive linguistics and providing a summary of methods and data types used in pragmatically and cognitively oriented grammaticalization studies. The hardly accessible nature of levels of meaning which should be examined from such perspectives requires a more elaborated methodology and more data sources. The paper pays special attention to the following issues: the cognitive mechanisms of grammaticalization, with special regard to the role of frequency, the gradual vs. instantaneous nature of semantic change, the priority of semantic vs. formal changes in grammaticalization, and finally, the functioning of metaphor and metonymy/pragmatic inference in grammaticalization. This latter topic is examined through a concrete grammaticalization process: the evolution of a future tense marker from a motion verb. The paper concludes that the unreliability of the results should be diminished by raising the level of metalinguistic awareness and by combining different methods and data sources in this linguistic field

Konferenciaelőadásra épülő közlemények

  • Andor József :
    Horwich on Synonymy93-97en [141.41 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0100

    Abstract

    The paper is a critical review of Paul Horwich's views on the nature of synonymy as outlined in his two books: Meaning (1998) and Reflections on Meaning (2005). For Horwich (similar to other language philosophers' views), synonymy is primarily a semantic notion and is mainly based on identity rather than similarity of meaning. Its occurrence is manifested in words and sentences, and it can be tested via the interchangeability of the respective lexical elements or propositional structures in given contexts. I find these criteria too narrow and unreliable. In my linguistically rather than philosophically based view, the nature of synonymy (more precisely, near synonymy) is at least as much pragmatic as it is semantic. It is a graded notion deeply embedded in schemarelated types of conceptual strructure such as scenes, frames, and scripts as well as the traditional notion of semantic fields. Its gradience can be measured along the lines of the prototypicality (and distance fom the possible prototype) of lexical expressions belonging to given synonym sets

  • Andor József :
    Schiffer on Vagueness: The Issue of Unarticulated Constituents98-104en [150.81 kB - PDF]EPA-00791-00005-0110

    Abstract

    The paper provides an overview of philosophical approaches to the understanding of vagueness expressed as a property of linguistic communication, with special emphasis on Stephen Schiffer's current views rejecting truthconditional, as well as formal semantic, epistemic, and compositionally based approaches to its interpretation and describing its manifestation, supporting its belief-relatedness and stressing its gradability. Schiffer outlines contextually bounded usage-based factors in his analysis. Related to Schiffer's views on the non-compositional nature of sentence meaning and linguistic expressions, relying on his notion of 'character', I analyze the interpretation of vagueness in the linguistic pragmatic coding of lexically unexpressed but contextually implicated unarticulated constituents, based on a set of examples discussed in the literature and also based on a case study of empirical investigations of the pragmatics of the linguistic expression of possession