The Politics of the Body: on Contemporary Irish Literature
The author presents contemporary Irish writing as something powerful and courageous. Conflicts and anxieties are unveiled in Irish texts. Irish fiction is very much concerned about problematic issues of the contemporary life from Ireland and from all around the world. The representation of these conflicts lacks now any euphemistic elements and this literature is harsh mainly in order to represent harsh facts.
The author identifies as a key element in contemporary Irish writing the concern about the politics of the body. The reader is strongly involved in these narrations through his own body: when the texts speak about the bodies of "cured" women, of transvestites, of dying and old people, of prostitutes, of soldiers on the battlefield, it is the body that reacts to these texts in a way. Irish fiction goes beyond the taboos concerning the body and is able to re-create the 20th century cultural tradition from this angle.
On contemporary Irish Poetry
A „definition" of Irish poetry is difficult because of the fact that we have to consider the works of authors living in different countries, and also because of the complex political and historical situation in which Irish culture is integrated. Irish poetry is often debated in terms of oppositions (English–Irish, Protestant–Catholic, North–South etc.), and the self-definitions of the authors themselves have to be taken into account. The paper presents the works of the most important Irish poets from Seamus Heaney to Medbh McGuckian, Adrian Fox and Leontia Flynn.
The '56 Hungarian Emigrants in Irish Literature
Ireland was the host of more than 500 Hungarian emigrants who were forced to leave Hungary after the 1956 Hungarian revolution. Their destiny and everyday life in Ireland is represented in several books of Irish fiction and drama. Authors like Miriam Gallagher, Anne Devlin and Glenn Patterson introduce Hungarian characters that mirror in a way the identity issues of Irish people – the question of displacement, of emigration being an important theme of Irish literature as a whole.
One Hundred Years of Irish Drama
The Irish National Theatre, called the Abbey Theatre was founded in 1904. The Irish cultural Renaissance at the beginning of the century was felt also in the dramatic genre. Authors like William Butler Yeats, John Millington Synge, Lady Augusta Gregory, Sean O'Casey were well-known throughout the world – Transylvanian culture reacted to their works as soon as 1930. The mythical dramatic language was embedded with elements of ritual, the result being a style that was specifically Irish and universally valid at the same time.
The author focuses on 20th century Irish drama, presenting its different generations and variants from Yeats and John B. Keane to Brian Friel and Martin McDonagh.
Mű és világa
Saturn and the Game of Chess
The paper analyses possible intertextual links between the world of chess and a God that entered literature as a mythical figure. The author shows that there are remarkable similarities between works written in the Middle Ages about the game of chess (Liber de moribus hominum vel officiis nobilium sive super ludo scacchorum, Echecs amoureux etc.) and a poem by Sándor Weöres concerning the god Saturn where the symbolic imagery of the game is present.