| Március 2007 |
Eurüdiké a veremben; Orpheusz viszontlátja Eurüdikét (versek)
A nemek közti különbség: biológiai vagy szociálisan tanult?
A Nyugat nőiesedése
A másik és a másság a feminista diskurzusban
Női társadalmi szerepek a kommunista propagandában
Nemem méltóságát a teremtőtől kaptam...
Arcunkat...; Ámde a látás; Egy mondat a Peer Gyntből; A tükörtojás-tekintetű zongorista…(versek)
A veszélyesen gyenge nő
Nemi különbségek a kommunikációban
Becky Michele Mulvaney
Faldal; Falakon túl; A falfehér most meghalad; Fal megint (Generátor – versek)
Hidegháborús média Dublinban (Európai Napló)
Balázs Imre József
Anyaként aggódni és alkotni
Csekéné Kolcsár Irén
A 18. századi bécsi politika erdélyi megnyilvánulási formái (II)
Kovács Kiss Gyöngy
Generációk, nők, férfiak
Mű és világa
Feminizmus és feminizmuskritika Elfriede Jelinek drámai szövegeiben
A metafizika és az angyalok
Balon Ruff Zsolt
Fekete és fehér között
Nőkép egy kommunista nőlapban
Európai női teológusok évkönyve
A Kárpát-medence régiói
„Örülünk a szavakon keresztül a világnak”
A Korunk könyvajánlata
The Other/otherness in Feminist Dis-course. From linguistic games to political opposition
The concept of the Other and otherness, the interpretation and the regularization of our relationship with the Other seem to be some of the most significant challenges of our pluralist society. The history of humanity has always known periods when social or cultural changes made this confrontation sharper and it goes without saying that globalization brings about such effects. Feminism is concerned with the situation of the woman often considered the Other par excellence, the one who wears the signs of multiple difference or the woman who tries to prove being completely the same. As feminist discourse needs to face the challenges of our times as all other contemporary discourses, this essay explores otherness as a main concept of feminism, its development along the evolution of the feminist movement as well as its present political implications in a globalized pluralist society. Theresa L. Elbert and many other feminist authors argue that feminism tried to rewrite the woman, the invisible other into history basically by two means: by linguistic strategies which were meant to deconstruct patriarchal discourses and by political action. These two attitudes – the ludic- textual one and the concrete political one – are complementary. The first one prepares the ground decentering the system, but not being able to completely change it, it further needs political intervention. The essay highlights some of the points where these strategies touch the concept of the other. It also offers a brief historical overview of the different stages of the feminist movement, focusing especially on difference feminism and the birth of gender studies.
The Image of Women in a Communist Women’s Magazine
Part of a longer study, this paper investigates the attitude(s) towards women workers/the work of women as reflected in a representative women’s magazine of the Gheor-ghiu-Dej era (1948–1965), namely Dolgozó Nő. At a time when the main priority in socialist Romania was the rapid development of industry, the official discourse tried to mould gender roles so as to increase the workforce. Thus the heroic image of the woman working in the heavy industry (or, as regards the rural sphere, the image of the tractorist girl) took shape based on the Soviet model. Behind the façade of prclai-med equality, however, women were expec-ted to deal with the “underrated” housework as well – a problem signalled by the magazine beginning with the second half of the 1950s, when a visible shift in the representation of women can be noticed. In an attempt to blend traditional gender roles with new political and economical expectations, the female figures promoted in this period were working rather in the light in-dustry or were intellectuals, presented with increasing emphasis on their private lives.
The Dangerously Week Women. Conside-rations Related to the Geistgeschichte of the Preconceptions Regarding the Woman.
Preconceptions are inevitable side-results of human thinking related to the process of simplifying categorization (Allport). They are also linked to the fear from otherness, perceived as endangering the self. Prejudg-ments regarding the woman are deeply rooted in human thinking in all ages and cultures. The present study aims to point to some of the roots of the preconceptions manifested in Christianity, starting with the pseudo-biological theory developed by Aristotle regarding male and female reproductive roles and his definition of the woman as incapable/misbegotten male. A following section points to the way in which the biblical accounts of creation and fall are reinterpreted by the allegorical exegesis of Philo of Alexandria, identifying male with superior reason and female with inferior affect. Philo also states the moral weakness of women and their intrinsic liability to deceit (an idea already present in Aristotle). Some of the New Testament texts present a one-sided reading of Gen, and take over the idea of a higher responsibility of the woman with respect to human fall. This one-sided reading will be largely expanded by many patristic authors. In Western thinking the work of Thomas Aquinas represents a significant stage, an encounter between biblical and Aristotelian thought. Thus the biological argumentation of Aristotle becomes part of the theological-ideological claim of female inferiority.