| Július 2006 |
A posztmodern gondolkodás története és logikája
A diplomás rohamosztag; Fehér Hajó a Vörös Tengeren
Hamvas Béla: posztmodern
Az irodalom határhelyzetétől az eminens szövegig és vissza
Posztmodern: izmus vagy -itás?
A hermeneutika a modern és a posztmodern határán
Ideológia és rítus Paul de Man kritikai olvasataiban
Fúj – nem tudom, hová, mi végből; A fák emlékére; Tökéletes merénylet
Egy mondat a zsarnokságról
Giovanni Gentile (1875–1944) és Julius Evola (1898–1974) magyar recepciójának történetéhez
A kolozsvári magyar egyházi iskolák államosításának körülményei (I.)
Menő a vagányok között
Jegyzetek egy új történelemszemlélet margójára
Murádin János Kristóf
A Korunk könyvajánlata
Ideology and Ritual in Paul de Man’s Critical
Paul de Man’s inquiry in his paper entitled Phenomenality and Materiality in Kant is focused on the relations between ideology, critical philosophy and transcendental philosophy. Starting with the analyses of a passage from the Introduction of the Kritik der Urterilskraft he sketches out a model of these relations within the Kantian system which is to be deconstructed by the theory of rhetoric. The paper compares this investigation with Paul de Man’s reading on Pascal and Nietzsche in order to research the connections between critique, ideology and ritual in the practice of deconstruction. As much as ironic allegory turns into critical ideology and we begin to search for the „substance” or necessary conditions of other practices in its ongoing acts, the critical philosophy focused on ideology becomes simply an ideological orientation. Because of this limitation deconstruction takes no account of Nietzsche’s attempts to resist rhetorical monomediality, Pascal’s „theological” impulses and Kant’s ethic dimension. Deconstruction becomes ideological, when it lays claim to be the „substance” for other practices. If we want to make it ethical we do not need to refute it, or to refer to its transcendental conditions, or raise its irony to the power of the parody. It is enough to turn back the ideological turn of the rhetoric practice into the rhythm of its own ritual.
Postmodern: Ism or -ity?
The essay tends to examine the revision of postmodernism by Ihab Hassan. Through decades of debate the concept of the postmodern has lost its value as a useful term. In order to bring it back to the field of critical thinking, Hassan puts forward two concepts (postmodernism and postmodernity) that would clarify the meaning and field of application of the concept. The essay reads Hassan’s suggestion with the aid of the theories of epochs, concentrating upon the theoretical establishments of an era, period or epoch. In this respect it analyses the „double” work of the text, i. e. the inconsistencies created by the relations of the difficulties of marking an era and the contemporary mistrust in Western, especially historical forms of knowledge. Focusing on the contradictions in terms, the text contributes not only to the evaluation of Hassan’s failure, but also to the exposition of some basic problems around postmodernism.
Ready Made – Inter Text. Experimental/Phantomlike Explosion in Postmodern Literature/Literary History
This paper tries to reveal some of the ideological effects of the postmodern literary history. There is a great division between modernity and postmodernity, and one of the most important part of this division is intertextuality. In a Hungarian literary history (written by Ernő Kulcsár Szabó) the gap mentioned above appears as passage from theme to modality, from story to narration, from referential to intertextual, from outside the text into the textuality. In this context the question is whether we can really distinct the outside from the inside. The examples of the literary historician are from works of Péter Esterházy, and these examples are rather thematic than modal. But the more important question is that can we really make a strong foundation of clear textuality of the postmodern age with the phantomlike phenomenon of intertextuality. Ernő Kulcsár Szabó cites a sentence from Esterházy’s Daisy: „to move the speech from its place means to make revolution”. This sentence has its origin in Roland Barthes’s Criticism and Truth. But paradoxically this sentence is rather modern or avant-garde than postmodern, since it works with the militant revolution-metaphor like avant-garde did it so many times.
Hamvas Béla: Postmodernism
The essay summarizes Hamvas Béla’s views upon postmodernism. The postmodern is not a concept of epoch. Tradition vaporizes the chronology of literature and the arts; the history of art creates temporal systems and cannot access the metaphysical order. Postmodernism is an attempt of breakthrough: it sketches in the modern magical swirls the silhouettes of some crystal structures. Tradition only looms through the drapes of modernism; tradition burns through the veils of postmodernism. The postmodern is the possibility of realization. Realization is the way and method that leads out from the system of lies and corrupt existence, too. Realization means the disassembly of pseudology and the buildup of life on reality. Postmodernism sees the crisis and ventures rebellion. It effaces all the achievements of modernism: that is the achievement of postmodernism. Modernism has not passed either the Golden Age or the crisis. Postmodernism has not passed modernism. Modernism and postmodernism live side by side in the apocalyptic era; the Golden Age is still afoot.
The change of era in which we live now has a history of more than three decades. This is approaching a human generation. It is quite sufficient for taking stock, but very little for assessment on a historical scale. At all events, various periodizations indicate the structuring of the investigations and self-examinations. We use the term „postmodernology” to comprise characteristics of the change of era which have perhaps not yet been discussed under the label of „postmodern”, as well as others which are generally not even considered in connection with the (post)modern. Two starting points seem to be appropriate for an attempt to sketch a rough outline of a philosophy which has the capacity to express, reflect and operate upon features of our age. One of these starting points is a negative position: the radical disengagement from metaphysics. The other is a positive one: formulating intuitions, sentiments and opinions which arise from experiencing our world and have a „new” character, that is, one feels that they cannot be adequately designated with routine concepts.