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Mikes International8. évfolyam 4. szám / Volume VIII., Issue 4., 2008. október – december / October – December 2008


  • Liszkay István :
    Versek17 [3.08 MB - PDF]EPA-00007-00033-0070
  • Marácz László :

    Hungarian lobby in historical context

    Present writing is a summary of the lecture given the 48th Study Week conference entitled HUNGARIAN CULTURE II. — CENTERS OF HUNGARIAN CULTURE WORLD-WIDE — Three Poles: Hungary, Territories in the Carpathian Basin outside Hungary, West — organized by the Hollandiai Mikes Kelemen Kör [Association for Hungarian Art, Literature and Science in the Netherlands] and Mikes International between 27-30 September 2007 in Elspeet, the Netherlands.

    In this presentation the author provided a complete overview of the concept of modern lobbying and historical evidence of Hungarian lobbying. He also highlighted several high-priority topics for the world-wide Hungarian community, which would deserve much more focus, attention and lobbying.

Philosophia perennis

  • Tóth Miklós :
    Proto-Theológiai gondolatok32 [3.08 MB - PDF]EPA-00007-00033-0130

    Thoughts on proto-theology


    The author is looking for a ‘proto-theology’, based on the structure of human thinking. Vide his articles ‘Intellectus quaerend fidem’ in: Mikes International 2001. October-December p. 18 and ‘Future of Religions’, in: Mikes International, 2004. June-August, p. 7. The human being is in the ‘All’, every part of which is a living itself transcending system. This ‘All’ is God. The basic question in our time is not ‘Who is God’, but ‘What is God’. The author is of the opinion that every theology has its own ‘proto-theology’ based on a philosophic basic idea in the way of the great Christian theologians as from the author of the Gospel according to St. John. The human spirit is creating his own world, wherein he believes. This ‘world’ is the ‘All’. We have to detect the basic human theologic way of thinking. In this way we are able to understand all religious systems.

  • Veres Ildikó :


    In my study I deal with philosophical and ethical problems of minority existence and their possible theoretical solutions in the life of Transylvanian Hungarians after 1920. The system and classical philosophy (for example Kant) are not able to solve the problems raised by reality. Károly Böhm was the first systematic philosopher in Hungary, and, impressed the younger generation in Kolozsvár: Sándor Tavaszy, Sándor Makkai, Béla Varga for example. I deal with their works after 1920. The philosophy of Kierkegaard, Spengler, Heidegger and Karl Barth helped Tavaszy to solve the problems on a theoretical level. Mainly in his philosophy after 1920, for him the primary goal was to consider and answer the problems created by life and reality. Makkai paid extra attention to the connections between philosophy, theology and ideology (transylvanism) plus philosophy and pedagogy reflecting on each other. He wrote about minority existence, the problems of conscience and the problems of consciousness of nationality. Béla Varga devoted the majority of his works to hyparchologia whose central question is ’’how-to-be". He was impressed by Kant, Husserl, Böhm and Ákos Pauler. Individuality, spirituality, freedom, conscience and the problems of values and morals arise within this system. Intentionality is a basic problem too.


Civilizációs kitekintő — Civilization outlook

  • Cs. Szabó László :
    Római muzsika63 [3.08 MB - PDF]EPA-00007-00033-0180

Geostratégiai & világgazdasági kitekintő — Geostrategic & world economic outlook

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